MY DEMOCRATIC EUROPE

Granada, an European city in the heart of Spanish culture…

I am doing my internship at AIFED, Granada, after finishing my law studies at the University of Lille, France. I collaborate in several projects that the association carries out, and among them MY DEMOCRATIC EUROPA, within the Europe for Citizens program of the European Commission. The project is coordinated by RECHT IN EUROPE, a highly specialized entity from Jena, Germany, and Greece and Bulgaria also participate in it.

We reflected on the footprint of the EU in our cities, but ... what have I reflected on this living these months in GRANADA?

Spanish identification with European values and symbols is not that ancient and it can seem a bit challenging for this country to fully take part of the European Union involving its ideas, values, symbols or culture, since Spain is still considered as a “new democracy”.

Indeed, the Spanish integration in Europe is a process that began with the Association Agreement of 1970. A process through which Spain had to democratize itself, in order to enter, as it had been requested, some years before. The creation of “European links” between Europe Union, previously called EEC (European Economic community) and Spain  is only dating back from 50 years ago! Yet, It was only at the death of the Spanish dictator, Francisco Franco in 1975 that the country had been able to initiate a democratic transition, which allowed it to apply for membership in 1977. The transition from dictatorship to democracy to European democracy was not easy. Spanish and European citizens' distrust of Europe has increased in recent years, it was mainly due to national governments actions, which have spent more time using Europe as a scapegoat for their own policies than highlighting the gains made thanks to it and to the fear of other countries to let another country, less advanced socially and economically than them, come in Europe.

After a lot of hurdles they manage to integrate and implement their cohesion with other member countries.

Yet it remains pertinent to ask ourselves about the place of Spanish cities in Europe, and especially focus on Granada which is the capital of the province of the same name, located in the southeast of Spain between the shores of the Mediterranean and the Andalusian hinterland. Granada is one of the most important cultural and architectural heritages in Spain. Indeed, both the historic Moorish neighbourhood of Albaicín and Alhambra have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Granada also has a Renaissance cathedral dating from the 16th century and the main influences of the city are the perfect mix of both Arabic/Muslim and Spanish/Christian architectures.

Granada is a major European city, due to its localisation, near the African continent and to its culture and architecture, which makes this city really unique and beautiful.

Walking in the streets of Granada is both feeling the catholic royalty history beneath our feets and the new history of Spain, implemented at its entrance in the European Union. The funny part about this mix of both current history and renaissance one is that near the Granada Cathedral considered to be the very first church built in the Renaissance style in Spain under the reign of the Catholic Kings, we can see a city hall, with Spanish and Europeans flag at the front of the building, embodying democracy and fraternity beliefs. Granada is the perfect mix of european values such as democracy, unity, fundamental rights, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men and interesting past mixing Christian and Muslim history.

Granada has an eavy history past, the city was founded by the Romans under the name of “Illibris” and It was the Moors, who invaded the city in the 18th century B.C. and settled there for seven centuries, who named it "Granada". It is Ferdinand and Isabella, the revered "Catholic Monarchs" of Spain, conquered the kingdom of Granada in 1492, which marked the culmination of the Christian Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula.

This city remains the perfect example of the importance of keeping up with the past while evolving in politics, traditions and values. That is why Granada is an ideal city to learn about the past and the future of Spain, about royalty and democracy. Granada also gathers all the characteristics vital to any major european city such as, architecture of various styles and ages with a mix of both skyscrapers, old mansions and old buildings (… ), a large number of foreign tourists, the presence of a city coat of arms; little and narrow streets, presence of green spaces and a very large number of architectural monuments such as churches and sculpture.

As French girl doing an internship here, I have really enjoyed every part of Granada, each neighbourhood has its own surprises, identity and really pretty places and that’s what I really enjoy about this town. There is always something to do or see in Granada.

In conclusion, we can say that Granada is a typical Spanish and European city that both promotes Spanish culture and embodies European values.

 

Emma Revillet

PLAY AS CONFLICT RESOLUTION

AIFED is a partner of the Europarents2020 project, coordinated by Systeme in Bewegung e.V. (Germany). It has a total of 5 partners, including AIFED. This project exposes the special nature of family conflicts in Europe and that is why it has used an unconventional methodology, the game as a solution to these conflicts. The project previously conducted a survey of 80 families in the 5 participating countries: Germany, Greece, Austria, Bulgaria and Spain.

This project is authentic and has helped the countries to come into direct contact with the approaches of other countries and to be able to reflect on them in a playful way. Moreover, the families have had the feeling that other people in Europe are similar to them, a feeling of European community, and to be able to find new solutions to family conflicts.

We would like to highlight how the project has used the game to create a common space for reflection and to solve family conflicts. It is true that games have always been in the spotlight because they have had an important repercussion throughout human evolution. ``Ethologists have identified it as a possible fixed pattern of behaviour, which has been consolidated throughout the evolution of the species'' (Animación y Servicios Educativos A.C., 2009). And referring to Vygotsky, ``play becomes a tool of the mind that enables children to regulate their behaviour'' (Vygotsky, 1966-1977).

The project has equipped the game with meaning and has been the main instrument to improve the skills of the participants, to improve communication between them and to be able to establish common problems. The project game is a card game, in which there are multiple questions and the aim is exchange and togetherness. Some examples of these questions are: "What do you think the person on your right would like to spend money on? How do you think the work-life balance works in your family?", "What do you like about your education?".

A relaxed atmosphere is created and, most fundamentally, as these are sensitive topics, the subjects participate actively, as games are the opposite of work and are free of obligations. Although it may seem obvious to us, social skills are internalised and learned through social interaction, so let's all play!

AIFED – MUTUAL SHARE FOR WOMEN CARE

AIFED is a partner of the project "MUTUAL SHARE FOR WOMAN CARE" coordinated by Demostene (Study Centre for the Promotion of Human Flourishing in Latiano, Italy). This project, which is still underway, is simply beautiful: It seeks to put the focus on the abused woman, building an ecosystem of help completely independent from governmental institutions, where the abused women, help each other, building their own tools, supporting each other in all their needs, from childcare, to actively seeking workshops and extra training to improve or acquire new skills. "Mutual share for women" is a project created to open the possibility of an exchange of good practices between Italy, Spain, Poland and Slovenia in the field of the fight against gender violence, which facilitates the acquisition of new techniques and ways of dealing with this situation that so many women in the world have been involved in at some point in their lives.

We particularly like this project because it always revolves around the victims, they are the ones who build their future from mutual help, and they have total freedom of decision in all matters, which no one knows better than those who have suffered it. The women involved in this project stand out for their conviction that they do not participate in activities that are justly created for women who have suffered gender-based violence but prefer and demand equal treatment as anyone else can receive when it comes to applying for a training course, for example. These women want to take the opportunity to participate in this project, to show that together and working in the same direction, it is easier to overcome any tragedy and also to create a place of mutual collaboration that benefits all participants: women and children.

We wish this project ends successfully, despite the pandemic, and hope that it has inspired you as much as it did us when we first heard about it and were offered the opportunity to join in.

The importance of family mediation in the face of new paradigm shifts.

In the framework of the Europarent project, Systeme in Bewegung e. V., Winsen, (Germany), in which entities from Greece, Bulgaria, Spain and Austria participate, we are reflecting very deeply on the problems of the new European families and the professionalization that institutions and professionals that work with families need, in order to provide adequate help.

We believe that 'Europe works best on a small scale', and that is why this step must be cared for with extraordinary care.

In this article we have allowed ourselves to reflect on whether adapting to the new family relationships that emerge after COVID19 will require an even greater defense of family mediation and support for families. Will parents know how to adapt to this new digitization of relationships? To the new models of School and leisure? Do we have to be prepared to solve the social conflicts of the future?

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Gender equality for a fairer Europe and world

As part of the Erasmus + "Des stéréotypes à l'égalité de genre" project, Erasmus + 2019-1-FR01-KA201-063001 coordinated by l’École Pierre de Ronsard, VAYRES (France) for which our association is committed and involved for a fairer and more equal Europe of tomorrow (https://alegalitedegenre.com/), we believe it is important to go deeper into this issue.

To understand the depth of the problem of gender stereotypes, it is necessary to define the main and most generic concept of stereotype.

A stereotype is a conventional model, a pre-constructed, generalized and simplistic opinion that is not based on the complexity of reality, but is mechanically repeated. These simplifications of external reality tend to be rigid, inflexible and controllable. The preconceived ideas created by these mental images are produced by anyone and help to make an abstraction, a simplification of a reality that seems too complex to us.

Gender stereotypes are therefore mental prejudices and images related to gender.

What would happen if we had the opportunity to meet people beyond the sex they belong to?

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